Ibiza

< - Google_ad_section_start -> Ibiza is to Mallorca and Menorca, the third largest as measured by the inhabitants of even second-largest island of the Balearic Islands. Eivissa , as it is called in Catalan, it has many different faces: one is the “white” starting point for many party tourists, but also beach-hungry sun worshipers, have families, active travelers and culture vultures them to offer.

mix of ancient culture and biological diversity made for Ibiza World Heritage Site . Same special award was given in the Old City of Ciutat d’Eivissa with the complete city wall. But not only that one of the few places in the world, Ibiza is both natural and cultural heritage of mankind.

Even people who have never been to Ibiza, have a concrete image of the Mediterranean island in the head: Those who come here do, in order, especially in the legendary clubs and discos up in the morning hours to . celebrate This generalization is hardly fair, finally focuses the party culture primarily on the south of the island and will not meet the rest of the island. Families found mainly in the north many child-friendly holiday offers. Solitude and closeness to nature provides the west of the Balearic island – there, for example backpackers get their costs

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60 gorgeous beaches and hidden coves, lush forests, majestic mountains and valleys offer tourists a varied stay. The turquoise, warm waters attract an unforgettable bathing experience. No matter at what point of the island you are on, the sea is more than an hour’s drive away.

In Ibiza you will also unspoiled villages reveal their ancient customs and cultural past as well as maintain. Traditional celebrations mark the year and attract more new visitors to the sites.

A clear sign of the popularity of the island’s residents at the annual growing share of foreigners in the population. Early 2010, he was already over 26%. The largest group of foreigners provide the Germans with around 4,500, their stronghold is Santa Eulalia des Riu. The municipality with the largest proportion of foreigners is Sant Joan, with around 32%.

official languages ​​are Spanish and Catalan in Ibiza. The locals speak Ibizencan, a Catalan dialect.

landscape of the island of Ibiza

Bay of Sant Antoni

Ibiza is part of the Andalusian Rocky Mountains. This stretches from Gibraltar to beyond the Sierra Nevada . An approximately 1,500 meters deep undersea trench separates the Balearic Islands about 100 km away from the Spanish mainland. In 2006 it succeeded in the rest of the then 31-year-old Spanish extreme athletes David Meca back down the first man to swim the distance. For the Rekorversuch he needed a total of 25.5 hours. Together with Formentera and many other, smaller islands of Ibiza belongs to the Pityusen , a group of islands in the Balearics. The name comes from the Greek Pityusen Nissoi Pityussa , which means as much as pine-covered islands.

Ibiza shows with highly rugged hilly – steep part – Coasts, which are broken again and sandy Calas . The Sa Talaia is at 476 m above sea level the highest point on the island.

Eivissa offers rich colors – not just at night in the laser light. The hills are red and dark green of the earth due to the dense vegetation. An azure blue sky encompasses the island and meets on the horizon with deep blue sea. Golden yellow sand in small coves and wide beaches are waiting for sun-seekers. The beach resorts, and Ibiza Town are, picturesquely perched on the steep slopes of the coast. Inland there are pine-covered hills, vineyards and almond trees.

Although it is hot in summer, Ibiza is still the green throughout the year. This is not only the famous pine forests , but also almond, olive, carob and fig trees . The corresponding spots of color are the bougainvillea . It blooms all year round in bright purple, pink and red are joined in the summer, yet oleander and hibiscus bushes to it.

But even in the cooler seasons, Ibiza is a thriving paradise: In April and May sprinkle red poppies the fields, the meadows are transformed into yellow floral carpets. Red spurge , orange and lemon trees , loaded with juicy, ripe fruit, a sea of ​​color offer on the land. Palm species such as cacti and agave provide a tropical ambiance. A particularly beautiful spectacle of nature can experience pleasure in the January / February: the almond blossom in the valley of Santa Inés

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climate and weather

Ibiza has the most balanced climate the Balearic Islands . In hot and dry summer, the temperatures averaged 26 ° C, in mild and sometimes rainy winter, they still achieve a pleasant 12 ° C.

The most popular time to travel to Ibiza is between the months of May and October. Already at the beginning of the season you can swim in the sea and spend the day at the beach. June is perfect for a summer vacation, the island is shown in green, the air is clear but very warm place to spend pleasant hours in the sun and the sea. Nor can the flow of tourists and party people, but coming. They only come with the Air Force in July and August. In September, it is noticeably quieter, beach-goers for the month is ideal. Now the days grow shorter and the rain was increasing for.

Even in winter it is still mostly sunny days. As a winter tourism in Mallorca or the Canary Islands it is not, most hotels are on the season. Only in the capital you then can find a place to stay.

tourism and leisure activities on the island of Ibiza

Ibiza the right choice for your travel leisure. Anything that makes the summer at the beach, sun and fun on the water can try it here. Ibiza is often the first island to be tested on the popular sports like bungee jumping or Canon Ball .

surfing, scuba diving , and water skiing are available at almost all of the 60 beaches. Many hotels have tennis courts next to and gyms and water activities on offer.

from the sea can be experienced with a boat on the elegantly varied coastline of the island. The waters and islands around Ibiza harbor but also for kayakers a few surprises.

divers can look forward to a very exciting experience: a great shipwreck at the coast. The Don Pedro was a cargo ferry that sank in July 2007, before the harbor of Ibiza Town. It is the largest wreck in the western Mediterranean, which is yet to reach even for recreational divers.

But even away from the wrecks offer the clear water, the underwater caves and the extraordinary rock formations, the dive-goers an adventurous flair. The underwater world is varied and also for snorkelers visible.

tourist centers, which have direct access to the sea and offer a rich program of sport activities, restaurants, bars, nightclubs and hotels, are next to Ibiza Town, Santa Eulalia , Play d’en Bossa, Playa Talamanca It Canyar and in the east. In the north, on the rocky and steep coast, there are Puerto de San Miguel and Portinatx . San Antonio is the vacation capital of the west.

If you like balls

suggests that should not leave the golf course de Ibiza missed. He is one of the most beautiful areas of Ibiza, near Santa Eulalia del Ríu . Wait 18 to 6,000 sqm plus nine holes on the golf players.

It attracts

but more and more nature lovers and hikers to Ibiza. trails through untouched landscape can be found sufficient. The shepherds and goat herders have left a network of paths on the island, tourists now explore where the fauna and flora of Ibiza. There are also meets from time to time on mountain bikers – the island offers it for three different tours with different levels of difficulty

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There is also the possibility of Ibiza in bus, jeep , on the scooters or on the horse to explore. Visitors can join organized excursions on land and at sea, in order not to miss the real treasures of the island. For this there are, for example, Spotlight island tours.

for a Sunday outing recommended the Cala Benirras , where at sunset the native demonstrate drum artists their skills.

The nightlife of Ibiza

night it is especially hot up in the tourist centers. Now, open bars, nightclubs and discos, and invite the young party crowd. As is often the night turns into day. Since the mid-1990s, the international club scene established with known DJs in Ibiza, attracting thousands of young people on the island, dancing in the hottest clubs to her music.

world is known, for example the Café del Mar , whose lounge music is called for in the major European cities. The biggest night club in the world, the Privilege (space for 10,000 people), the Space , Amnesia or the traditional Pacha provide in Sant Antoni, Platja d’en Bossa and Sant Rafael for tuning into the morning hours.

live music there as in Teatro Pereira in Eivissa . Occur every night in the former Art Deco theater live bands playing anything from jazz to blues to soul all styles. At full moon days, it attracts the young people in the mountains, there are Goa (Trance) parties instead, which also can sometimes take several days. Those who like to make club-hopping, uses the Discobus , which connects the cities Party 24-6 clock together.

history of the island of Ibiza

Church of Sant Pere in Ibiza Town

Ibiza was in the past, a particularly favorable strategic Mediterranean island and therefore very competitive. It is therefore not surprising that repeatedly changing conquerors settled on the island. As early as 2000 BC, created the first settlements on Ibiza – one assumes from the Balearic Islands widespread Talayotic . The cave paintings at Ses Fontelles in Sant Antoni have at least indicated that people were already indigenous to the island. 1,000 years later came the Phoenician Carthaginians , they introduced the right of coinage in Ibiza and used their salt and lead mines. Romans, Vandals, Byzantines and Moors followed. Each group left its mark on the landscape, tradition and culture.

most evident today is the influence of the Moors (711-1229). Their achievement was the use of agricultural land on the island. They put on terraced fields, planted date palms, fig and apricot trees and created a sophisticated irrigation system for agriculture and municipalities. Even today, the whitewashed houses of cubes in the villages can be seen. Other remnants of the Moors can be found at the traditional festivals in the form of music and costumes. Alone in matters of religion failed its influence: The Ibicencos were and remained faithful to their Catholic faith

.Among the Romans

was Christianized Ibiza. 1229 the island was conquered by the Catalans, whose official language along with Spanish language. James II from 1256 called the Kingdom of Majorca , in the course of which he in 1299 in Ibiza, the University, an authority to manage public affairs, founded. This gave the group island of Ibiza and Formentera a limited autonomous administration, to the 19th Century remained.

The rise of Spain as a world power was in the 15th Century on Ibiza also noticeable. The conquest of the New World had the Mediterranean Trade fall sharply, the Spanish crown lost interest in their islands. could pirates now this storm unhindered. From that time therefore are the towers and fortified churches on Ibiza, where people sought refuge. The constant pirate attacks and persecution during the strong Inquisition brought the Islanders in economic distress, the Ibicencos took the fight on, however, and formed Korsarentruppen , which crossed the ocean for enemy ships. In memory of the brave corsairs and in honor of the best known among them, Antonio Riquer Arabi , is at the port of Ibiza Town, the obelisk . Only with the conquest of Algeria by the French (1830) ended the piracy in the Mediterranean.

The Spanish Civil War brought another turning negative for the island. Economically, it only went up in the 50s of the 20th Century: the opening of its own airport brought the Tourism and later the hippie culture to Eivissa. In 1983, the Balearic Islands have been an Autonomous Community. Today Ibiza is one of the most popular European holiday islands.

parties in Ibiza

The inhabitants are

Ibiza strongly associated with their faith. Every place on Ibiza is named after a saint – except the capital. On their name day shall find called fiestas instead of a procession through the town and a fireworks are then used in addition to dance, music and good food. The Ibicencos find the next high Catholic holidays is always a reason to celebrate. The exuberant fiestas are an expression of their joy of life and traditional lifestyle . Many of the festivals take considerably longer than a day.

  • first January: New Year, island-wide
  • 5 / 6 Jan.: Festa del rice – Epiphany, island-wide
  • 17th Jan.: patron saint, Sant Antoni
  • 21st January: Feast of Santa Agnès
  • 12th February: Feast of Santa Eulalia
  • February: Mardi Gras / Carnival, v.a. in Ibiza, Sant Antoni
  • first March: Day of the Balearic Islands, island-wide
  • 19th March: patron saint, Sant Josep and Spanish father’s day, island-wide
  • Sun after 19 March: pilgrimage to the chapel on the Puig d’en Serra
  • March / Apr: Semana Santa (Holy Week), with island-wide Good Friday procession in Ibiza Town
  • fifth Apr.: patron saint, Sant Vicent
  • 23rd Apr.: patron saint, Sant Jordi
  • first Sunday in May: May Day with a pilgrimage to the chapel on the Puig d’en Ribes, Santa Eulalia
  • May: Mercat Medieval – Medieval Fair in Dalt Vila, Ibiza Town
  • Corpus Christi Corpus Chisti: Corpus Christi procession, Ibiza Town
  • Pentecost: El Rocio, also fixed the Andalusian immigrants, Ibiza Town, Sant Antoni
  • 23-24. June: Nit de Sant Joan solstice festival in Sant Joan, Ibiza Town
  • 16th July: Festa de la Verge del Carme, hard to honor the patron saint of sailors and fishermen with boat processions, Ibiza Town, Sant Antoni
  • July: International Jazz Festival, Ibiza Town
  • 5.-8. August: Day of the patron saint of the cathedral (5.8.) Up to Sant Ciriac (Day of the Catalan reconquest of Ibiza), Ibiza Town
  • 10th Aug.: Village Festival of Sant Llorenc
  • 15th Aug: Santa Maria de la Asuncion, island-wide
  • 24th Aug.: Sant Bartomeu, village festival, Sant Antoni
  • 28th Aug.: patron saint, Sant Agustí
  • 8th Sept.: Village Festival, Jesús
  • 21st September: Feast of Sant Mateu
  • 29th September: Feast of Sant Miquel
  • 15th October: Festival in honor of St. Therese of Avila, Es Cubells
  • 24th Oct.: Patron Saint, Sant Rafel
  • first November: All Saints, island-wide
  • fourth Nov.: Patronatsfestt, Sant Carles
  • 16th November: Feast of Santa
  • 6th December: Día de la Constitución / Day of the Spanish Constitution, island-wide
  • 25th December: Christmas, island-wide

Medieval Festival

Medieval Festival in Ibiza Town (2nd weekend in May) scheme now attracts up to 100,000 visitors. For three days the town and the old port area are back to the Middle Ages. In ancient costumes seller to offer traditional items at their booths. There are only buying things that you could buy in the Middle Ages. Handmade soap and sweets, fragrant herbs for seasoning and curing, sausages and ham from the butcher shops of the island, wooden toys, even if real weapons and more

feast comes not too short, in every corner there are tasty treats from grilled pork to Arabic delicacies. As in the Middle Ages draw jugglers, magicians and musicians through the streets and visitors can experience ancient crafts such as glassblowing learn – all against the unique backdrop of the castle of Ibiza

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hippy markets

Who makes holiday on Ibiza, which sniff should definitely hippie culture and one of the famous hippy markets visit . Here, you can not just buy the old-time hippie mind, but also quite attractive gifts and make this a bargain or two – flower power clothes included

.The hippie culture

coined in the 60s and 70s, life on Ibiza. Many Creative (artists, architects, designers) came to the island to live out their values ​​of tolerance and freedom. The cosmopolitan atmosphere and the very special light Ibiza had it done to them. On the hippy markets of their creativity to still feel a lot. There are besides homemade fashion, jewelry, paintings, ceramics Another crafts to purchase.

Most

hippie markets take place in the warm season from May to October. Every day one finds a market in another place that invites you to stroll and marvel. In addition, there are many in Ibiza street markets , where jewelry, souvenirs, leather goods, CDs, accessories and many other things are offered.

  • Monday: Night market Las Dalias, San Carlos
  • Wednesday: Big hippie market in Punta Arabi, Es Cana
  • Thursday: hippie market with fashion, accessories, silver jewelry, Cala Llonga
  • Thursday: arts and crafts market with high quality handicrafts and dances Ibiza, San Miguel
  • Friday: Small hippie market on the grounds of the Hotel Club Bahamas in Playa d’en Bossa
  • Saturday: Giant-hippie flea market with sales of secondhand goods to the locals, there are jam sessions in the afternoon, Sant Jordi
  • Saturday: Lively, great hippie market Las Dalias with live pantomime, Moroccan tea tent, San Carlos
  • daily: nightly street market on the promenade of Figueretas
  • daily: nightly street market along the harbor, San Antonio
  • daily: nightly street market in the streets of the port district, Ibiza Town
  • daily: street market on La Rambla, Santa Eulalia

economy and infrastructure of the island of Ibiza

Ibiza lives now quite clear from the mass tourism , which evolved through the opening of the commercial airport in the 1950s. Even into the 19th Century there was a strong inside management of salt fields (Ses Salines). Each resident was required to assist in the production of salt. Today, the salt fields are only a tourist attraction.

Ibicencos live mainly from tourism next to the Agriculture and livestock (mainly sheep). Until the mid-1960s, farmers produced almost exclusively for their own use. Today the island products are supplemented with goods from the mainland to provide all travelers.

The first tourists

, the British came, around 1935. But only after the hippies in the 1960s, tourism has developed to a greater extent. Today, more than 1.5 million tourists annually to the island, especially still British, followed by Germans, Italians and French.

international airport of Ibiza San Jose (IATA: IBZ) welcomes in the summer months thousands of tourists every day on the island. It is during the season from all major German airports direct to Ibiza. Package tourists are taken directly from the tour operators receive and transported to the accommodations. Individuals use the existing bus services, for example, to Ibiza Town (line 10) or take a taxi / rental car.

The major tourist places like Ibiza Town, San Antonio, San Josep and Santa Eulalia are buses that ply between the points connected. Highways are found not to Ibiza, but there are good roads that run through the hilly landscape.

Another way to get to the island, is the ferry from Barcelona . The big companies like Trasmediterránea and Balearia offers a number of regular ferry services. Berths are available in Ibiza Town and Sant Antoni. Tourists can also anchor their yachts on the island. The big places usually have its own port and berths for boats.

Overnight accommodations are more than 300 hotels plentiful. Thus, the mass tourism but not destroyed the naturalness of the island, new hotel beds may only be placed if this soft old. Large hotel complexes is found mainly in the Tourizentren. If you prefer a small and peaceful, idyllic location on the dodges villas . There are also many large country houses , nestled in the beautiful scenery they offer the same luxury as a hotel. Away from the big places, there is a residential structure on the island rather from small farms and villages where there are mainly catering, accommodation less.

Recommended accommodations on Ibiza are:

  • Ca N’Arabí **** (Puig d’en Valls)
  • *****

  • Mirador de Dalt Vila (Ibiza Town)
  • Suite Hotel S’Argamassa Palace **** (Santa Eulalia des Riu)
  • Ibiza Playa *** (Ibiza Town)
  • S’Arenal Apartments ** (Portinatx)
  • Mitjorn ** (San Antonio de Portmany)
  • Agroturismo Can Jaume (Puig d’en Valls)

Culinary specialties of the island of Ibiza

the Ibizan cuisine reflects the influences back of the island’s history. Plenty of garlic and onions are always with you. The dishes are refined with local herbs, wine and olive oil, the ingredients always fresh. In addition to rustic stews with rice and meat dishes are delicious things with fish and seafood and all kinds of sweets for dessert.

are recommended:

  • Guisat peix , a fish stew, cooked in shallow pans with different species of fish, potatoes and peppers.
  • Sofrit pagès , a typical meat stew with various kinds of meat, potatoes, onions, peppers and beans, flavored with saffron.
  • Arros sec , the Ibizan paella with its combination of chicken and rabbit, fish and shellfish.
  • vegetable stews greixonera de Verdura and Olla fresca of beans, potatoes and pears are among the oldest dishes of the island.
  • The Ibizan can

  • Coca Pizza to prove salty or sweet, but also as a pie with meat, vegetables or fish filling proffer.
  • Ibiza Tapas are typically

  • caracoles sofregit (stewed snails), Pa amb oli i sal (toasted bread with olive oil, tomatoes and salt) and fermented with the king thistle blossoms threads goat cheese .

The desserts

plays a major role Moorish heritage: – fried in lard – Ensaimades is a round bun, which is pure in several variants, and are sweetened with all sorts of fillings. In between are a treat for the aniseed Oreilletas and Bunyols .

to eat itself lends itself to the local wine. Since he is quite bitter, however, the restaurants serve mainly Rioja and Pescador from the mainland. After eating one should indulge in the famous Hierbas (herbs, see below). The medical miracle is in a variety of ingredients.

cozy tapas bars and fine restaurants with traditional Ibizan dishes are found not only in the tourist areas. Santa Gertrudis for example, offers a rustic tapas bar (Bar Costa ) and a fine gourmet restaurant (Ama Lur ).

Ibiza is also famous for its salt (from salt), liqueur and Kafeespezialitäten. So there are at Ibiza its own blend of coffee, but that is not grown on the island, but available in most supermarkets. The coffee is delicious, but is also more expensive than conventional varieties.

locals Wine offers the winery CA’N MAYMÓ . On an ecological basis mature in wooden barrels, strong products, the Vino de la Tierra de Ibiza for example. Hierbas Ibicencas is a special liqueur made from herbs from Ibiza. It is based on alcohol, flavored with anise, thyme, rosemary, lemon and orange peel, and many other secret ingredients. The very refreshing liqueur has also aids digestion and healing.

The salt produced in the

Sal de Ibiza can buy holiday at Sal Torres.

Sobrassada is a typical Balearic sausage. It is made from the flesh of the poc negre (black pig), which is grown only in the Balearics. The savory sausage is seasoned with paprika and available in Ibiza butchers.

even on Ibiza there German sausage . Located on La Rambla and Carrer S’Alamera Paseo is the meat of Werner Salewski , the sausage offered by German recipe.

destinations and attractions in Ibiza

The city of Ibiza

night view of the port city of Ibiza

Ibiza City ( cat. Ciutat d’Eivissa , about 50,000 inhabitants) is the cultural and social center of the island. The capital was already among the Carthaginians Mediterranean strategic base. In the 16th Ibiza received under century Charles V their strong Renaissance city walls , the model for many fortifications in the New World were. The Dalt Vila with just this one perfectly preserved city wall to World Heritage Site . From their castle has a magnificent view of the bustling new town and the harbor. Ibiza settlements extend in a broad valley, at its edges there are industrial plants and residential areas. The city is divided into the so-called Lower Town (Ciudad Baja ) and Sa Penya, the high-altitude Dalt Vila (Upper Town). Dalt Vila is

Spanish national monument since 1946 . It is considered a unique example of a fortified acropolis. Its walls are several meters thick and enclose an area of ​​300,000 m². A visit means a visit to the old town of bygone eras.

  • Cathedral Virgen de las Nieves (14th century) has a plain Gothic structure. It has been built over a former mosque. In the 17th Century it was converted and contains a silver-gilt monstrance, and Renaissance goldsmiths’ work.
  • Bishop’s Palace is the same square of the cathedral. Worth seeing, especially his outstanding portal.
  • Castell or Almudaina (12th-13th centuries) is the tallest building in Eivissa. Most striking is primarily the main Moorish tower. There was once a military enclave, built by Felipe II
  • One can know

  • walk through the narrow lanes on the main promenade Vara de Rey to the harbor to the lighthouse Faro de Botafoc a popular architecture Ibiza’s best. learn
  • city walls from the 16th Century had been erected to protect against the Turks. Forty years of construction took. The huge walls forming the shape of a heptagon, are military bastions at the corners.
  • the monumental Portal de Ses Taules you enter the Old City. The gate is closed by a shield and the crown.
  • Portal Nou is another important addition to Dalt Vila. It still has its original wooden doors from the 16th The gate is crowned by the coat of arms of the Crown of Aragon
  • ; century.

  • Baroque church of Santo Domingo (16th century) is still in its original condition. At its nave lined up each 5 bands. The altar consists of a Barockretabel from Genoa. An explosion in 1730 the church received three Valencian-style domes.
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